Aqtab Bukhtiar Ka' aki, RA ( 1150-1235 ).
(Naieb); Khawaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishti, Ajmeri, RA: On the 14th. of Jamadi os
Sani, 627 A.H., Khawaja Sahib r.a. bestowed the Khilafat upon Hazrat Khawaja Qutbuddin
Bakhtiyar Kaki RA. He was the official succesor of Khawaja Moinuddin Hasan, Chishti,
Ajmeri RA. A great scholar and dignified saint of his time. Several men of letter
( Ahlay Qalam ) were among his followers. His name was Bakhtiyar and titles were
Qutub ul Aqtab ( Chief of the great saints ) and the Qutub ul Islam ( Chief of
his teacher and spiritual guide, Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti, RA, he was Hussaini
Syed and descendant of Imam Hussain. His father, Syed Kamaluddin, was resident
of the town Uosh in the region of Ma'wra-ul Nehr.
Signs of holiness were evident when he was in the womb of his mother. His mother
mentioned: "During pregnancy when I woke up for the late-night prayer, I
heard the mention of the name of Allah for a short while. " There are many
disputes as to his date of birth but his year of birth, as generally agreed, is
the year 569 Hijri.
chose Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti RA, as his teacher and spiritual guide and so
he is known one belonging to the Chishtia order. His teacher awarded him the title
Qutub ul aqtab whereas Ka'aki is his qualitative name.
Khawaja Bakhtiyar Ka'aki made Delhi as his place of residence, and renounced all
worldly things and remained busy in prayer and meditation, his dependents lived
the life of extreme penury and poverty. His wife arranged for food by borrowing
money form the wife of the grocer, named as Sharf-uddin. One day the wife of the
grocer taunted her, "If we do not lend money to you, your children would
die with hunger." When Khawaja Bukhtiar Ka'aki RA came to know about it,
he asked his wife not to borrow money form her but to take out the required number
of Ka'aki (a kind of bread) from the alcove in his room and give them to the children
to eat. From this he came to be known as Ka'aki.
day Hazrat Amir Khusro asked Mehboob-e Elahi, Khawaja Nizamuddin "why he
was called Ka'aki?". The Sultan ul Mashaekh ( King of the Saints ) replied,
"One day he was sitting on the bank of Shamsi Hauz along with his disciples.
Cool air was blowing. The disciples said, "What! If we can get hot Ka'aki
( bread ) to eat". Hearing this he entered into the water of the Shamsi Hauz,
returned and offered them hot Ka'aki. From that day on he was called 'Ka'aki'.
Education: His father passed away when he was a baby, only one-and-a-half year
old. The mother gave her attention to his education. She regarded it as her sacred
duty. When he could read, she sent him, to a pious taugh tutor, Maulana Abu Hafiz.
He received lessons on religion from him.
the Teacher: The author of Sair ul Auliya says that he met Sheikh Shahabuddin
Suharawardy, Sheikh Auhad Uddin Kirmani and Moinuddin Chishti Sangria, in the
mosque of Abul Lais Samarkandi, in Baghdad, in the month of Rajab of 522 Hijri
and entered into their orders. Saheb-e Sair ul Auliya ( author of sair ul auliya
) describes that when Khawaja Chishti reached Uosh, he was admitted to his order
and received the rank of his spiritual heir at the young age of seventeen.
and Meditation: Hazrat Nizamuddin says about his teacher that the Sheikh passed
most of his time in prayers and meditation, abandoned sleep, and nobody saw him
lying on bed for the night sleep. In the beginning he slept for a short while
during night, but later forsook it. He often said, "Ever if I sleep, I feel
it very bad".
chroniclers say that having been admitted to the fold of Hazrat Moinuddin Chishti
he said 95 rakat Namaz during ( 24 Hours of ) day and night and recited Darood
to the Prophet three thousand times during the night. In the preliminary three
nights of his marriage he could not keep up with his routine. The Prophet appeared
in the dream of a saint, Rais Ahmad, and told him to ask Bakhtiyar the reason
of the indifference. Hearing this he divorced his wife, and devoted himself fully
Travels: Like his teacher and spiritual guide, he traveled extensively and met
many saintly people and witnessed strange incidents. He has mentioned them in
details in his articles of young by a river. He says that one day he was sitting
with Qazi Hamiduddin Nagori on a bank of a river that he saw a big scorpion creeping
fast. "I said, there was some secret." Both of us followed the scorpion,
which reached a tree and killed a big snake. There slept a man nearby. We approached
him and found that he was a drunkard and down under the influence of wine. We
stayed there and wondered why God bestowed upon such a sinner His mercy. We heard:
we only take pity on the pious, who would help the poor?"
the man woke up and was surprised to see the dead snake we told him the story.
He was ashamed and in a short time he rose to become a great saint. God gifted
him with His divine knowledge.
to India: Hazrat Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti came to India and settled down in Ajmer.
Hazrat Bakhtiyar Ka'aki could not bear his separation any longer, left his homeland
and started for India. On the way having enjoyed the hospitality of Sheikh Bahauddin
Zakaria and Sheikh Jalaluddin Tabrez at Multan finally came to Delhi. Sultan Altamish
was the king and was greatly devoted to the holymen. He requested him to stay
in the capital but Hazrat Bakhtiyar Ka'aki preferred to stay at Kilokheri. The
Sultan went to see him once a week. The Sultan again made a request that he had
to travel such a distance. Moreover, the state work suffered. Hazrat Bakhtiyar
Ka'aki, at last, moved to the capital and stayed, in the mosque of Malik Ainuddin.
Delhi he became extremely popular rich or poor equally visited him and drew favour
from him. The king and his court pledged their obedience to him. In the meantime
Sheikh ul Islam Maulana Jamaluddin Bustami died and the Sultan wished to confer
upon him the rank but the declined the offer. He said, "We, beggars have
no relation to them". The Sultan wished to offer him anything he wanted but
he never demanded anything from him. He grew so popular that nobody cared of Sheikh
ul Islam Najmuddin Sughra, who himself was a great learned man and mystic. When
Hazrat Chishti once visited Delhi, he complained to him of his insignificance.
The Khawaja ordered Hazrat Bakhtiyar Ka'aki to accompany him to Ajmer. He was
beside himself with joy. But when people knew that Bakhtiar was leaving Delhi
they appealed to the Khawaja with tearful eyes to spare him and let him remain
in Delhi. Hazrat Khawaja had to relent.
Bakhtiyar visited Ajmer to see his teacher before his demise and stayed there,
for several days. One day the Khawaja appeared at the place where his disciples
sat, called Hazrat Bakhtiyar Ka'aki, and said, "0, Saints! The entire world
is illuminated ( with the heavenly light ). I have been brought here because here
is my grave."
which Hazrat Khawaja Moin Uddin Chisti dictated an order to the writer ordering
him to leave for Delhi. He was assigned the rank of Khalifa. Later, he called
him near, wrapped his turban on his ( Hazrat Bakhtiar's ) head, gave him Sheikh
Haroon's staff, his own copy of the holy Quran and prayer mat. He bade adieu to
his teacher and returned to Delhi. After 40 days, a messenger came from Ajmer
bearing the news of the death of Hazrat Khawaja Moin-uddin Chishti.
Services: The torch of Faith illuminated by Hazrat Moin-uddin Chisti was kept
burning and spreading the light far and near by Hazrat Bakhtiyar Ka'aki predominantly.
The movement of the propagation of Islam so ably started by Hazrat Moin Uddin
Chisti was not only strengthened but extended also.
Self-sufficiency and Fasting: He spent most of his time in fasting. His dependants
passed their days in extreme poverty. The teacher had permitted him to borrow
to the tune of 500 dirhams but he avoided it. He never had enough money to pay
the Zakaat tax.
He was a generous soul. Whatever he received, he gave it away to the poor; whenever
he had nothing in the house he Asked the servant to serve the people with cold
Sultan Shamsuddin Altutmish was devoted to him and could have given him anything
he wanted but he never demanded a thing from him. Once the Sultan wanted to grant
him a jagir and his minister arrived with the Sultan's proclamation with the request
to accept it, he declined and said that the earlier saints of the Chistia order
never accepted such things, how could he do it?
the royal secretary came and offered him several villages. He called him to come
near and lifted a corner of his prayer mat. The Secretary was surprised he saw
the river of wealth flowing. He then replied, "Whoever has such vast treasures
from God, what would he do with a few villages".
of the Prophet: Like his teacher and guide he was deeply involved in love for
the prophet; recited Davood three thousand times a night; told the Tradition and
instructed to follow the Shareiah.
was fond of music, and regarded it lawful, under certain conditions and limitations.
He passed away during such a recital. The Qawwals (a certain type of Singers)
began with the ode of Sheikh Ahmad Jam. When they sang the couplet:
Khanjar-e Tasleem ra;
Harzaman az Ghaib Jan Digar ast."
moved the saint so much that he went into trance and remained so for four days.
When he regained consciousness, he asked to repeat it. On the following fifth
night he passed away.
He was an accomplished writer and a versatile poet. His books are:
Zudatul - Khalaiq, Rissole, Masnavi, Persian Works.
One who conducts should eat little. If he eats to fill his belly,
he is materialist. Eat little so you could pray.
Dress should not be decorative.
If one dresses for exhibitor, Its'nt saintly.
Salik is he who remains engrossed
in love of God. He is so absorbed that if the entire expanse of Sky and Earth
get into his chest, he would scarcely feel the presence.
Obedience to Shairah
is obligatory to a Salik, in consciousness or othrwise.
and Miracles: When Hazrat Bakhtiyar Ka'aki was at Multan, Qibacha Beg the ruler
of Multan, came to see him. He said, "The Mangols have invaded Multan and
I have no power to face them. For God's sake, help me."
Qutab gave him an arrow and said, "After the evening prayer, appear on the
tower of the rampart and shoot it with a bow in the direction of enemy, then watch
what God does."
The ruler of Multan did as asked. As the arrow fell, the
Mangols fled from the battlefield
dervish is a friend of God and a friend of a friend is a friend. So why not be
a friend of a dervish?
Khawaaja Qutubuddin Bakhiyaar (R.A)'S Wife's Mazar