Hir Rahman Nir Raheem.
Thaalah Anna Muhammadan ( Sal-lal-lahu Alaihi Wa Sallam )
Maa Huwa Ah-luh.
Inna Auliya Allahu La-Qaufum Alaiheem Walahum Yazanoon.
Name : Hazrat Hafiz Shirazi ( Rahmatullah Allaih )
: Musalla Gardens, along the banks of Ruknabad River in Shiraz
( Place is also referred as Hafezieh )
: Sometime between the years 1310-1325 a.d. or 712-727 A.H.
The most probable date is either 1320, or 1325 a.d.
Shiraz, in South-central Iran
Name : Shams-ud-din
: Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) or Hafez (a title given to those who
had memorized the Koran by heart. It is claimed that Hazrat
Hafiz ( RA) had done this in fourteen different ways).
Title : Khwaja Shams-ud-din Muhammad Hazrat Hafiz -e- Shirazi
of spelling are:
Khwajeh Shams al-Din Muhammad Hafez-e Shirazi,
or Khwaje Shams ud-Din Mohammed Hafiz-e-Shirazi
Hazrat Baha-ud-Din ( RA)
: He had two older brothers
Wife : Hazrat
Hafiz ( RA ) married in his twenties, even though he
continued his love for Shakh-e Nabat, as the manifest symbol
: Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) had one child.
Teens : He had memorized the Koran by listening to his father's
recitations of it. He also had memorized many of the works of
hero, Hazrat Saadi (RA), as wells as Hazrat Attar (RA), Hazrat
(RA) and Hazrat Nizami (RA).
His father who was a coal merchant died, leaving him and his
mother with much debt. Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) and his mother went
with his uncle (also called Saadi). He left day school to work
drapery shop and later in a bakery.
Age 21 (1341
While still working at the bakery, Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) delivered
to a wealthy quarter of town and saw Shakh-e Nabat, a young
incredible beauty. Many of his poems are addressed to Shakh-e
In pursuit of reaching his beloved, Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) kept
day and night vigil at the tomb of Baba Kuhi. After successfully
attaining this, he met Attar and became his disciple.
to early thirties
Became a poet of the court of Abu Ishak. Gained much fame and
influence in Shiraz. This was the phase of "Spiritual Romanticism"
Mubariz Muzaffar captured Shiraz, and among his various deeds,
ousted Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) from his position of teacher of Koranic
studies at the college. At this time he wrote protest poems.
Shah Shuja took his tyrant father as prisoner, and re-instated
Hafiz ( RA ) as a teacher at the college. He began his phase
spirituality in his poetry.
Falling out of favor with Shah Shuja.
Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) fled Shiraz for his safety, and went into
self-imposed exile in Isfahan. His poems mainly talk of his
for Shiraz, for Shakh-e Nabat, and for his spiritual Master,
Attar (RA) ( not the famous Hazrat Farid-uddin Attar of Neishabour
who predates Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) by a couple of centuries -
lesser known Hazrat Attar (RA) of Shiraz).
By invitation of Shah Shuja, he ended his exile and returned
Shiraz. He was re-instated to his post at the College.
Longing to be united with his Creator, he began a forty day
vigil by sitting in a circle that he had drawn himself.
On the morn of the fortieth day of his vigil, which was also
fortieth anniversary of meeting his Master Attar, he went to
Master, and upon drinking a cup of wine that Attar gave him,
attained Cosmic Consciousness or God-Realization.
In this phase, up to the age of 69 when he died, he composed
half of his ghazals., and continued to teach his small circle
disciples. His poetry at this time, talk with the authority
Master who is united with God.
Deewan-e-Hazrat Hafiz ( RA )
Some 500 ghazals, 42 Rubaiyees, and a few Ghaseedeh's, composed
period of 50 years. Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) only composed when he
divinely inspired, and therefore he averaged only about 10 Ghazals
year. His focus was to write poetry worthy of the Beloved.
Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) did not compile his poetry. Mohammad Golandaam,
who also wrote a preface to his compilation, completed it in
or 1410 a.d, some 21-22 years after Hazrat Hafiz ( RA )'s death.
person who compiled Hazrat Hafiz ( RA )'s poetry was one
of his young disciples Sayyid Kasim-e Anvar, who collected 569
attributed to Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ). He died in 1431 a.d. some
years after Hazrat Hafiz ( RA )'s death.
Late 1388 or early 1389 a.d. or 791 A.H. at the age of 69.
Place : Shiraz
Dargah Shareef / Mazar-e-shareef : in Musalla Gardens, along
of Ruknabad river in Shiraz, which is referred to as Hafezieh.
The orthodox clergy who always opposed Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ),
allow him to have a Muslim burial. Yet his grass-roots support
the people of Shiraz created an atmosphere of conflict.
To resolve the controversy, they decided to use Hazrat Hafiz
( RA )'s
poetry, by dividing his ghazals into couplets, and asking a
to draw a couplet. It was agreed that however the couplet directed
them, they would all consent to follow.
The couplet that was chosen was verse 7 of Ghazal #79, which
tongue-in-cheek response from Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) to the orthodox
clergy. It reads:
Neither Hazrat Hafiz ( RA )s corpse, nor his life negate,
With all his misdeeds, heavens for him wait.
??? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?????
?? ?? ?? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????
To this day, Hazrat Hafiz ( RA )'s Deewan (Poetry) is utilized
Oracle to give guidance to our questions, and direction to realize
What others say about Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ):
Goethe: In his poetry Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) has inscribed undeniable
truth indelibly ... Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) has no peer!
Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) defies you to show him or put him in a
condition inopportune or ignoble ... He fears nothing. He sees
far; he sees throughout; such is the only man I wish to see
Conan Doyle: ...You may remember the old Persian saying,
'There is danger for him who taketh the tiger cub, and danger
whosoever snatches a delusion from a woman.' There is as much
Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) as in Horace, and as much knowledge of the
The best musician of Words.
Gertrude Bell: It is as if his mental eye; endowed with wonderful
acuteness of vision, had penetrated into those provinces of
which we of a later age were destined to inhabit.
A. J. Arberry:
... Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) is as highly esteemed by his
countrymen as Shakespeare by us, and deserves as serious
References for Hazrat Hafiz ( RA )'s biographical information
are taken from:
Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) - Tongue of the Hidden, Versions by Paul
The Green Sea of Heaven - Fifty Ghazals from Diwan of Hazrat
RA ), Translated by Elizabeth T. Gray, Jr.
Odes of Hazrat Hafiz ( RA ) - Poetical Horoscope, Translated
Persian by Abbas Aryanpur Kashani, LL.D.
The Hafez Poems of Gertrude Bell, Introduction by E. Denison
Divan-e Khajeh Shamseddin Mohammad Hazrat Hafiz ( RA )-e Shirazi,
Mohammad Ghazvini and Dr. Ghasem Ghani (in Persian)
Divan-e Hazrat Hafiz ( RA )-e Shirazi, by Dr. Seyyed Mohammad
Jalaly Nayeenii (in Persian)
Divan-e Khajeh Shamseddin Mohammad Hazrat Hafiz ( RA )-e Shirazi,
compiled by Mohammad Jaafar Mahjoobi (in Persian)