is Shah Abd al-Haqq bin. Sayf ad-Din bin. Sadullah al-Bukhari,
al-Muhaddith al-Dehlvi, born in Dehli, India in 958 AH/1551
CE. He was one of the prominent Hanafi Scholar of his age in
the Indian sub-continent. Although he is most recognised as
a leading Muhaddith, he wrote works on a wide range of religious
sciences, including fiqh, history, aqeeda, Qur'anic science
and hadith commentaries. His works, which amount to about 50,
are in Arabic and Persian. He taught and preached in Dehli for
half a century, where he finally passed away in 1052 AH/1642
is Abu Dawud, Sulayman bin. al-Ash'ab bin. Ishaq, al-Sijistani,
born in Sijistan, Persia in 202 AH/817 CE. He was a Shafi'i
scholar who travelled wideley in search of hadith. He became
a hadith master and Imam of the subject in his time. His collection
is one of the six most authentic sources of hadith (Sahih Sitta).
He past away in Basra, Iraq in 275 AH/889 CE.
is (Imam) Abu Hanifa, Mu'man bin Thabit bin Zuta, Imam al-Azam,
born in Kufa, Iraq in 80 AH/699 CE. He was the first of the
four great mujtahids of Islam, he other three being Imam Malik,
Imam Shafi'i and Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal. He was born at a time
when there were a number of Companions of the Prophet still
alive, includin Anas bin Malik (d. 93 AH), who he certainly
met. He studied the curricula of his day, including fiqh, hadith,
kalam and history, but it is fiqh that he is most remembered
for. Imam Shafi'i used to say, " In fiqh, all scholars
are the children of Abu Hanifa." Among his teachers were
authorities like Imams Hammad, Sha'bi, Abu Ishaq Sab'i, Qatadah,
Shu'bah and Sufyan al-Thawri. He was a wealthy man, but lived
a humble an ascetic life. Imam Abu Qasim al-Qushayri notes that
Abu Hanifa would not sit in the shade of a tree belonging to
someone he loaned money to, saying, "Every debt that brings
about a benefit is usury." It is said that for 40 years
he prayed salaat al-fajr with wudu he made for salaat al-isha.
He passed away in Baghsas in 150 AH/767 CE.
is Rabi'a al-Adawiyya al-Kaysiyya, born in Basra, Iraq in 95
AH/714 CE or 99 AH/717 CE. She is one of the most famous woman
mystic and saint in the history of Islam. She was renowned for
her piety, self-denial, renunciation, tawakkul Allah and her
love for Allah. Many great scholars and awliya, including Imam
Hasan al-Basri, Imam Sufyan al-Thawri, the ascetic Malik bin
Dinar and sufi Shaykh Shaqiq al-Balkhi, came to seek her counsel
and listen to her words of wisdom. Hasan al-Basri once asked
her how she had attained her spiritual greatness, she replied,
"I forget all existence (become non-existence) in His (Allah's)
remembrance." She passed away in Basra in 185 AH/801 CE.
is Abdullah Yusuf Ali, born in Surrat, India in 1289 AH/1872
CE Translator of the Qur'an. He began his religious education,
in particular study of the Qur'an, at a very early age; between
the age of 4 and 5, as he himself recalls. This early interest
in Qur'anic studies was the fuel that kindled the fire of his
lifetime ambition, to translate the Holy Book into English.
He strived for more than forty years (his own words), in preperation
to launch this project. His translation and brief commentary
of the Holy Qur'an was finally published in 1938. He passed
away in London in 1372 AH/1953 CE.
is Abu Fadl, Muhammas bin Abdullah, al-Alusi, al-Baghdadi, born
in Baghdad in 1217 AH/1802 CE. He comes from a very illustrious
family of scholars who trace their ancestors back to Imam Hasan
and Imam Hussain . Imam al-Alusi was a prominent scholar and
mufti of Baghdad and he authored many works, among them is his
30 volume tafseer, Ruh al-Ma'ani. He passed away in Baghdad
in 1270 AH/1854 CE.
is Fariduddin Muhammad bin Ibrahim, born in NIshapur, Persia
in 536 AH/1142 CE (or 513/1119 according to some reports). It
is said that he was a chemist/physician in his early days, but
abandoned his practice in favour of search for spiritual enlightenment.
He travelled widely, visiting Egypt, Syria, Arabia, India and
Central Asia, finally settling in his native town of Nishapur.
He was renowned for his piety and spiritual practices. He authores
over 114 works on tasawwuf, the most famous of which are Divan;
Mantiq al-Tayr (The Conference of the Birds) and Tadhkirat al-Awliya
(biographies of saints). He passed away in 627 AH1230 CE, probably
is Abu Muhammad, al-Hussain bin Mas'ud bin Muhammad, al-Baghawi,
born in Bagha, Persia in 436 AH/1044 CE. He was a Shafi'i scholar
of fiqh, hadith, tafseer and authored books on various subjects.
Amongst his most famous works are his commentary on the Qur'an,
and his Masabih al-Sunnah ( a book on hadith which was later
rearranged by Wali ad-Din al Tabrizi and published under the
title of Mishkat al-Masabih). He passed away in Merv, Turkmenistan,
in 510 AH/1117 CE.
is Abd Allah bin Umar bin Muhammad, Nasir ad-Din al-Shirazi
al-Baydawi, born near the famous city of Shiraz, Persia (date
uncertain). He was a Shafi'i scholar well known for wide learning
and prolific writing. His most famous work is his commentary
on the Qur'an, called: Anwar al-Tanzil wa-Asrar al-Ta'wil. He
became chief qadi (judge) of Shiraz. According to Imam Suyuti
he passed away in Tabriz in 685AH/1286 CE.
is Abu Bakr bin Ahmad bin Hussain, al-Bayhaqi, born near the
town of Nishapur, Khursan province, Persia in 384 AH/994 CE.
He was a Shafi'i faqih and an outstanding muhaddith of his time.
He authored nearly one thousand works on all areas of religious
sciences, perhaps the most notables being his Sunan al-Kubra,
Shu'ab al-Imaan and Dala'il al-Nubuwwah. He passed away in Nishapur
in 485 AH/1066 CE.
is Abu Abd Allah, Muhammad bin Isma'il bin Ibrahim, al-Bukhari,
born in Bukhara, present day Uzbekistan in 194 AH/810CE. He
was a hadith master of first rank. None mastered the subject
of hadith better than him. He was a man of great piety, scrupulous
character and phenomenal memory. He travelled wideley, collecting
some 600,000 hadith, approximately 200,000 which he knew by
heart. His Jami' as Sahih contains just over 7200 ahadith. He
passed away in Samarkand in 256 AH/870 CE.
is Sharf ad-Din Muhammad bin Sa'id al-Busiri al-Sanhaji, born
in Abusir, Egypt around 609 AH/1212 CE. He was a ascetic, poet
and calligrapher, most famous for his poem al-Burdah, which
he wrote in praise for the Prophet . He passed away in Alexanderia,
Egypt in 694 AH/1295 CE.
is Abu Abd Allah, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Uthman, Shams ad-Din
al-Dhahabi, born in Damascus, Syria in 673 AH/1274 CE. He was
an outstanding Shafi'i scholar who made major contribution to
several areas of religious sciences, in particular biographies,
hadith and history. His Siyar a'lam al-Nubala (biographies of
prominent personalities) runs into 36 volumes and his Tarikh
al-Islam al-Kabir (history) is no less than 23 volumes. Both
of these works are still very popular. He passed away in Damascus
in 748 AH/1348 CE
is Abu al-Tahir, Muhammad bin Yaqub bin Muhammad, al-Shafi'i,
al-Shirazi, born in Firuzabad (town near Shiraz), Persia in
729 AH/1329 CE. He was a prominent Shafi'i scholar who travelled
across the Muslim Empire from Dehli to Jerusalem in search of
Knowledge. He took knowledge from many Shuyukh of his time,
including Shaykh al-Islam Taki al-Din Subki. He authored many
works on tafseer (e.g. Tanvir al-Miqbas min Tafseer ibn Abbas),
hadith and history, but is probably most remebered for his contributions
to the field of Lexicography. His Qamus (dictionary), which
in its original form is thought to have been in more than 60
volumes (a summarised version still exists), served as the basis
for later European dictionaries in Arabic. He passed away in
Zabib, Yemen, in 817 AH/1415 CE.
is Abu Hamid, Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Muhammad al-Tusi, al-Ghazali,
known as Hujjut al-Islam (proof of Islam), born in Tus in the
famous province of Khursan, Persia in 450 AH/1058 CE. He was
a Shafi'i Imam of outstanding intelligence, instrumental in
demonstrating spiritual life (tasawwuf) as an intregal part
of orthodox Islam. He travelled and studied in all major centres
of learning of his time Nishapur, Baghdad, Makkah, Madina and
Damascus, among others. His intellectual brilliance earned him
numerous titles and academic positions, including professorship
in the famous Nizamiyya Madrasa at Baghdad. However, he abandoned
his academic career and devoted himself in the pursuit of spiritual
way of life. It was during this period that he wrote his masterpiece,
Ihya Ulum ad-Din (The Revivsl of Religious Sciences). He authored
some two hundred works, a significant number of which still
survive. He passed away in Tus in 505 AH/1111 CE.
is Abu Abd Allah, Muhammad bin Abd Allah bin Hamdawayah, al-Hakim,
al-Nishapuri, born in Nishapur, Persia in 321 AH/933 CE. He
was a Shafi'i Imam and among the most distinguished hadith scholars
of his time. He travelled wideley and heard hadith from some
2000 scholars. He wrote many books, among which al-Mustadrak
'ala al-Sahihayn and Ma'rifat Ulum al-Hadith, are very popular.
He passed away in Nishapur in 405 AH/1014 CE.
is Abu al-Hasan, Ali bin Uthman bin Ali al-Ghaznavi, al-HUjwiri,
born in Hujwir, a suburb of Ghazna, Persia (present day Afghanistan)
in about 400 AH/1010 CE. He was a Hanafi scholar and sufi shaykh
who travelled extensively in the search of knowledge, particularly
that of tasawwuf. His shaykh in the sufi path was Abu al-Fadl
Muhammad bin Hasan of Damascus, whos spiritual lineage reaches
Junayd al-Baghdadi. He is the author of Kash al-Mahjub (The
Unveiling of the Veiled), which is one of the oldest Persian
treatise on tasawwuf. He passed away in Lahore, (present day
Pakistan), in around 465 AH/1073 CE.
Ibn Abi Dunya, is Abu Bakr, Abd Allah bin Muhammad bin
Ubayd al-Kurashi, al-Baghdadi, born in Baghdad in 208 AH/823CE.
He was a master of many sciences, especially hadith and morals.
He authored many works, the majority of which are centred on
purification of the nafs. These include: Repentance, Trust in
Allah, Renunciation, Patience, Miricales of Awliya and Who Lives
after Death. He passed away in Baghdad in 281 AH/894 CE.
Al-Asqalani, is Abu Fadl, Ahmad bin Ali bin Muhammad al-Kinani,
al-Asqalani, born in Cairo, Egypt in 773 AH/1375 CE. He was
a Shafi'i scholar and hadith expert, who like many muhadditheen
before him, travelled widley in search of hadith. His famous
work is his 14 volume commentary on Sahih Bukhari, called: Fath
al-Bari. He passed away in Cairo in 852 AH/1449 CE.
Al-Haythami, is Abu al-Abbas, Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Muhammad,
al-Haythami, born in the village of Abi Haytham, Egypt in 909
AH/1504 CE. He was a famous scholar and prolific writer of the
Shafi'i school. He was educated at al-Azhar and by the age of
20, his teachers gave him ijaza to give fatwas and teach. He
moved to Makkah where he taught and authored many of his works.
It is said that he began writing books on fiqh at the order
of the sufi Shaykh Harith bin Muhasibi, who he saw in a dream.
He passed away in Makkah in 974 AH/1567 CE.
is (Imam) Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hanbal, born in Baghdad in
164 AH/780 CE. He was one of the four mujtahid Imams of the
Ahl al-Sunnah. He travelled extensively in search of hadith,
memorising over one hundred thousand in the process, thirty
thousand of which he recorded in his Musnad. He was a student
of Imam Shafi'i and like his teacher, lived a very pious, God-fearing
and ascetic way of life. He passed away in Baghdad in 241 AH/855
is Abu al-Farash, Abd al-Rahman bin Ali bin Muhammad, born in
Baghdad in 510 AH/1126 CE. He was a Hanbali scholar of some
distinction, versed in almost every branch of learning. He himself
states that: 2I never got tired of reading...., I had gone through
some 20,000 books during my student days." He was a prolific
writer, authoring more than 200 works on a wide range of sciences,
including hadith, fiqh, history and biographies. He passed away
in Baghdad, in 597 AH/1200 CE.
is Abu Abd Allah, Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Juzayy
al-Kalabi born in Granada, Spain in 693 AH/1294 CE. He was a
Maliki scholar famous for his commentary on the Qur'an (al-Tashil
li ulum al-Tanzil). He passed away around 756-8 AH/1355-7, probably
in Fez, Morocco.
is Abu Fida, Isma'il bin Umar bin Kathir, Imad ad-Din al-Dimishqi,
born in Busra, Syria in 701 AH/1302 CE. At the age of 5, after
the death of his father, he moved to Damascus where he was raised
and educated. He was a prolific writer, becoming prominent in
a number of subjects, including fiqh, hadith, history and biography.
His 4 volume tafseer of the Qur'an is so wideley accepted throughout
the world, that it is rarely out of print. His 14 volume treatise,
al-Bidayah wa'l-Nihayah, on the history of Islam from beginning
of creation to his own time, is also very popular. He passed
away in Damascus in 744 AH/1373 CE.
Abu Abd Allah, Muhammad bin Yazid al-Rub'i al-Kazwini, born
in Kazwin, Persia in 209 AH/824 CE. He was a hafiz of hadith
and the author of Kitab as-Sunnah (one of the six most authentic
collections of ahadith). He travelled extensively, learning
hadith from many authorities. He passed away in Kazwin in 273
is Ahmad bin Lu'lu bin Abdullah al-Rumi, al-Misri, born in Cairo,
Egypt in 702 AH/1302 CE. He was a Shafi'i scholar andsufi well
versed in fiqh, aqeedah, tafseer, and Arabic grammar. Among
his many works is Umdat al-Salik (SHafi'i Law), which has been
translated into English as : Reliance of the Traveller, by Shaykh
Nuh Keller. He passed away in Cairo in 769 AH/1368 CE.
is Abu Na'im, Ahmad bin Abd Allah bin Ahmad, al-Isfahani, born
in Isfahan, Persia in 335 AH/948 CE. He was a Shafi'i scholar,
sufi shaykh and hadith master of his time, most famous for his
18 volume Hilyatul Awliya wa Tabaqat al-Asfiya (The Beauty of
the Righteous and Ranks of the Elite). He passed away in Isfahan
in 430 AH/1028 CE.
is Abu Kharyr, Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Muhammad, Shams al-Din,
al-Jazri, born in Damascus, Syria in 751 AH/1350 CE. He was
a judge and famous faqih, qari, and muhaddith, who travelled
widely in search of knowledge. Among his teachers include authorities
such as Ibn Kathir, Shaykh al-Islam al-Bulkini and direct students
of Ibn Abd al-Salaam. He wrote a great number of works, primarily
on qira'at (Qur'anic reading), fiqh and hadith. He also wrote
the celebrated al-Hisn al-Haseen (book on prophetic du'as),
by regular reading of which, he says that he was blessed with
the vision of the Prophet . He passed away in Shiraz, Persia
in 833 AH/1429 CE.
is Abdul Qadir bin Abu Salih bin Abd Allah, al-Jilani, famously
known as Ghaus-e-Azam, born in Jilan, Persia in 470 AH/1077
CE. He was a Hanbali scholar most famous for his spiritual achievements.
The qadiriyah order of sufis bears his name. He was a descendent
of the Prophet through both Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain . At
the age of 18, he left Jilan to travel to Baghdad, the then
centre of learning. Here, he mastered all the major sciences,
including tafseer, hadith, fiqh, sirah, grammar and philosophy.
He took the spiritual path at the hands of Shaykh Hammad bin
Muslim al-Dabbas and then completed his initiation at the hands
of Shaykh Qadi Abi Said al-Mukharami. He wrote many works, including
al-Fathu Rabbani and Futuh al-Ghaib. He passed away in Baghdad
in 561 AH/1166 CE.
is Abu Qasim, Junayd bin Muhammad bin al-Junayd al-Khazzaz,
al-Baghdadi. He was the Imam of both the Zahir (outer Shari'ah)
and batin (inner, spiritual) sciences. He was acknowledged as
Shaykh al-Mushaykh in his lifetime, for most of the Shuyukh
of Baghdad were his students. He associated with the likes of
Harith bin Muhasibi and Sari al-Saqati. The latter was a maternal
uncle and murshid. He passed away in Baghdad in 297 AH/910 CE.
is Ahmad Yaar bin Muhammad bin Munawwar Khan, al-Badayuni, born
in Badayun, India in 1324 AH/1906 CE. He was a prolific Hanafi
mufti, sufi and scholar of hadith and tafseer. He studied in
several institutions in India, the most prominent of which was
Jamia Naeemiya, under the care of Mawlana Naeemuddin Muradabadi.
He authored numerous works, the most famous of which are his,
Tafseer Nur al-Irfan, his 8 volume commentary on Mishkat al-Masabih
(hadith), and Fatwa al-Naeemiya (fiqh). He embarked on writing
30 volume tafseer, but unfortunately was only able to complete
11 volumes. He passed away in Gujarat in Ramadan 1391 AH/1971
is (Imam) Abu Abdullah, Malik bin Anas bin Malik al-Asbahi,
al-Humayr, born in the blessed city of Madina Sharif in 93 AH/712
CE. He was one of the four great mujtahid Imams of the Ahl al-Sunnah.
He was a colleague of Imam Abu Hanifa and teacher of Imam Shafi'i.
Imam Malik was renowned, not only for his scholarship, but also
for his piety., God-fearing, asceticism and his love for the
Prophet . He never mounted a horse while in the city of the
Prophet and when questioned about it, he said: "I am to
ashamed before Allah to tread with the hoof of any animal of
burden on the soil wherein lies His Prophet ." He is the
author of the hadith book, Muwatta. He passed away in Madina
in 179 AH/795 CE.
Ali Qari, is Ali bin Sultan Muhammad, Nur al-Din, al-Mullah
al-Qari, born in Herat, Afghanistan. He was an outstanding Hanafi
scholar of his time, who wrote on a range of subjects, including
Hanafi fiqh, aqeedah, history, tafseer, hadith, tasawwuf and
Prophetic supplications. He also wrote commentaries on many
prominent earlier works. He was a pious and God-fearing man
and earned his living by writing copies of the Holy Qur'an.
He spent a considerable part of his life in Makkah where he
finally passed away in 1014 AH/1606 CE.
is Abu al-Hussain, Muslim bin al-Hajjaj bin Muslim al-Qushayri,
al-Nishapuri, born in Nishapur, Iran in 202 AH/817 CE or 206
AH/821 CE. He was a Shafi'i Imam and one of the greatest scholar
of hadith the world has ever known. He travelled throughout
the Muslim world in search of hadith and associated with all
the major authorities of his day, collecting some 300,000 ahadith
in the process. His collection, Jami' as-Sahih, is equal or
second only to that of Imam Bukhari, the teacher and mentor
of Imam Muslim. Imam Muslim was a pious, God-fearing person
who never swerved from the aqeedah of the Ahl al-Sunnah. He
stood shoulder to shoulder with Imam Bukhari, against those
who claimed that the Qur'an was created. He passed away in Nishapur
in 261 AH/875 CE.
is Yusuf bin Isma'il bin Yusuf al-Nabahani, born in Ijzim, Palestine
in 1265 AH/1849 CE. He was SHafi'i scholar, sufi, poet and judge.
He was educated at al-Azhar and served as a judge in Berut for
about twenty years. He authored works in a number of Islamic
sciences, including hadith, fiqh, aqeedah, tasawwuf and sirah.
He passed away in his town of birth in 1350 AH/1932 CE.
is Abu Abd al-Rahman, Ahmad bin Ali bin Shu'ayb, born in Nasa,
Persia in 215 AH/830 CE. He was a Shafi'i Imam and hadith master
(hafiz) and the author of hadith collection Sunan Nasai, which
is one of the six canonical collections (sihah sitta). He was
severely beaten in Damascus for his feelings in favour of Sayyidna
Ali against the Umayyads and subsequently passed away in Damascus
(according to some in Makkah) in 303 AH/915 CE.
is Abu Zakariyya, Yahya bin Sharaf bin Muri, al-Nawawi, bor
in the village of Nawa, Syria in 631 AH/1233 CE. He was one
of the most outstanding Shafi'i scholar of his time, who lived
and studied in Damascus for some 27 years. He made major and
lasting contributions to several Islamic sciences. His most
notable works include: Sharh Sahih Muslim (18 volume commentary
on Imam Muslim's Sahih), Riyad al-Salihin (hadith), Kitab al-Adhkar
(hadith), Minhaj al-Talibin (Shafi'i Law) and Bustan al-Arifin
(tasawwuf). In addition to his scholarship, Imam Nawawi was
also renowned for his piety, self-denial and abstinence. He
passed away in his father's house in Nawa in 676 AH/1277 CE.
Iyad, is Abu al-Fadl, Iyad bin Musa bin Iyad al-Yahsubi,
born in Ceuta, Spain in 476 AH/1083 CE. He was one of the most
distinguished Maliki scholar and qadi (judge) of Andalus (Spain)
of his time. His family was of Yemeni origin. He studied primarily
in Spain, which was at the time a major centre of learning.
He was an authority in several Islamic sciences, including hadith,
fiqh and history. He wrote more than 20 prominent works, the
most famous of which is ash-Shifa bi-Ta'rif Huquq Mustafa (Prophetic
biography). He passed away in Marrakesh, Morocco in 544 AH/1149
is Abu Abd Allah, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Ansari,
al-Qurtubi, born in Cordoba, Spain. He was an eminent Maliki
Imam versed in numerous branches of scholarship, especially
fiqh, hadith and tafseer. He was a pious and humble man, deeply
inclined towards spirituality and mediation on the life after
death. He made many scholarly contributions including, al-Asna,
al-Tadhkar fi Afdal al-Adhkar and al-Tadhkira fi Ahwaal al-Mauwt
wa Amoor al-Akhira, but is probably best remembered for his
monumental 20 volume tafseer (al-Jami li ahkkam al-Qur'an).
He was an ocean of learning whose works testify to his depth
in knowledge. He passed away in Egypt in 671 AH/1273 CE.
is Abu Qasim, Abd al-Karim bin Hawazin bin Abd al-Malik, al-Qushayri,
born in the small town of Ustuwa (district Khursan), Persia
in 376 AH/986 CE. He was a Shafi'i scholar and sufi master of
his age. He took the spiritual path at the hands of the sufi
Shaykh Abu Ali ad-Daqqaq. His most famous works are his Risala
al-Qushayriyya and his 3 volume commentary of the Qur'an, Lata'if
al-Ishrat. He passed away in Nishapur in 465 AH/1072 CE.
is (Imam) Abu Abd Allah, Muhammad bin Idris bin al-Abbas, al-Shafi'i,
al-Qurayshi, born in Palestine (Yemen according to some reports)
in 150 AH/767 CE. He was one of the four great mujtahids of
Islam. He was orphaned at a very early age and his mother emigrated
to Makkah, where his early education took place. He memorised
the Holy Qur'an by the age of 7 and the whole of Imam Malik's
Muwatta by 10. By the age of 15, he was given ijaza to issue
legal ruling (fatwa). He subsequently continued his studies
with authorities like Imam Malik (in Madina) and Imam Muhammad
al-Shaybani (student of Imam Abu Hanifa in Baghdad). Imam Ahmad
bin Hanbal was his most eminent student. He spent last years
of his life in Cairo, where he formulated the school of jurisprudence
that bears his name. He passed away in 204 AH/820 CE.
is Muhammad Karam bin Muhammad Shah, born in Bhera Pakistan
in 1336 AH/1918 CE. He was a Hanafi scholar, judge, sufi, and
educationalist. Educated at Bhera, then Lahore, then Jamia Na'imiya
(India) and finally at al-Azhar (Egypt). He was the director
of the Muhammad Ghousia College in Bhera for some 40 years and
established dozens of other institutions throughout the world.
He was appointed judge on Shari'ah bench of the Supreme Court
of Pakistan. His major literary contributions include his 5
volume Tafseer Zia ul-Qur'an and his 7 volume Zia ul-Nabi (Prophetic
biography). He passed away in Islamabad in 1418 AH/1998 CE.
is Abu al-Ikhlas, Hasan bin Ammar bin Ali al-Shurunbulali, al-Hanafi,
born in Shurunbula, Egypt in 993 AH/1585 CE. At the age of six
he was sent to Cairo, where he memorised the Qur'an and attended
al-Azhar for higher studies. He excelled in fiqh and became
a prominent Hanafi faqih of his time. Students from as far as
Damascus travelled to study at his feet. He authored a number
of works, the most famous being Maraqi al-Falah, which is his
commentary on his earlier book on Hanafi Fiqh, Nur al-Idah.
He passed away in Cairo in 1069 AH/1659 CE.
is Abu al-Hasan, Ali bin Abd al-Kafi bin Ali, Taqi al-Din al-Subki,
born in Subk, Egypt in 683 AH/1284 CE. He was a Shafi'i Imam
and Shaykh al-Islam of his time, distinguished in the field
of hadith, tafseer and fiqh. He came from a celebrated family
of Shafi'i ulama. He authored some 150 works on a range of Islamic
sciences, among which his Fatwa is well known. He was appointed
Chief Qadi in Damascus for some 17 years, after which he retired
and returned to his homeland, where he passed away in 756 AH/1355
is Abu Fadl, Abd al-Rahman bin Abi Bakr bin Muhammad, Jalal
ad-Din as-Suyuti, born in Suyut, Egypt in 849 AH/1445 CE. He
was an outstanding Shafi'i Imam, renowned for his encyclopaedic
knowledge. He authored more than 600 works on virtually every
Islamic science including; Qur'an, fiqh, sirah, history and
Medicine. Among his most popular works are; Tafseer Jalalayn,
which is co-authored with Jalal ad-Din Mahalli, his Itqan fi'
Ulum al-Qur'an, his 10 volume hadith work Jami' al-Jawami, and
his history of the Caliphs (Ta'rikh al-Khulafa). He passed away
in Cairo in 911 AH/1505 CE.
is Abu al-Qasim, Sulayman bin Ahmad bin Ayyub al-Tabarani, born
Acre, Palestine in 260 AH/873 CE. He was an outstanding hadith
master (hafiz) who travelled extensively throughout the Muslim
World in search of hadith. He authored three major works on
hadith, the largest of which is his 25 volume al-Mu'jam al-Kabir.
He passed away in Isfahan, Persia in 360 AH/971 CE.
is Abu Jaf'ar, Muhammad bin Jarir bin Yazid al-Tabari, born
in Tabaristan, Persia in 224 AH/839 CE. He was a genius of his
time whose encyclopaedic works on various subjects is testimony
to his indepth understanding of his subjects. He made a distinct
contribution to the consolidation of Sunni thought during the
9th century and laid the foundations for both Qur'anic and historical
sciences. His major works include his 30 volume tafseer and
his 15 volume Ta'rikh ar-Rusul wa al-Muluk (history). He passed
away in Baghdad in 310 AH/923 CE.
is Abu Abd Allah, Wali ad-Din Muhammad bin Abd Allah al-Khatib,
al-Umari, al-Tabrizi, born Tabaristan, Persia. He was a prominent
scholar of hadith whose major literary contribution is the hadith
work Mishkat al-Masabih. This work is based on Imam al-Baghawi's
Mashabih al-Sunna, but with considerable re-arrangement and
the addition of 1511 ahadith, raisin the total from 4434 to
5945. He passed away in 743 AH/1342 CE.
is Abu Isa, Muhammad bin Isa bin Sorah, al-Tirmidhi, born in
Termiz, Uzbekistan in 209 AH/824 CE (not to be confused with
al-Hakim at-Tirmidhi, d.295 AH). He was a hadith master (hafiz)
and the author of Jami' as-Sahih, one of the six canonical collections
of hadith. He travelled wideley and studied with such renowned
authorities as Imam Bukhari, Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal and Imam
Abu Dawud. He passed away in Termiz in 279 AH/892 CE.
Its from a book titled DUA THE ESSENCE OF WORSHIP.